James Wilson Carmichael (also known as John Wilson Carmichael)
(1799 Newcastle upon Tyne - 1868 Scarborough)
Son of a shipwrite (carpenter shipbuilder), learned from his father and as a young man spent three years on a sailing boat travelling between Spain and Portugal. Upon his return home to Newcastle, he was apprenticed to a shipbuilding workshop. In his spare time Carmichael pursued drawing and painting, eventually setting up his own workshop, shared with a landscape painter. He begun exhibiting at the age of 25 at the Northumberland Institution for the Promotion of Fine Arts, Carlisle Academy, and at the Northern Academy. Carmichael developed a reputation as one of Northumbria’s best liked and respected marine and landscape artists.